Genocide- a definition

Any understanding or analysis of the Holocaust requires an understanding of social/ political context. To that end, we provide this definitional context.

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“Genocide” (noun)
1. the deliberate and systematic extermination of a national, racial, political, or cultural group.

— source Dictionary.com

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Porajmos-Romani being 'rounded up'- source Wikipedia, date unknown
Porajmos-Romani being ’rounded up’- source Wikipedia, date unknown

Genocide is a reasonaly new word, “invented” (coined) by Raphael Lemkin in his 1944 book Axis Rule in Occupied Europe. Although the word may be new, Genocide is not. There have been hundreds (or more) across human history. Since the Holocaust (Shoah) numerous Genocides have occured:

  1. Holocaust (Shoah) 1941-1945
  2. Porajmos (extermination of the Romani people- Gypsies) 1941-1945
  3. Soviet (Stalinist) deportations, forced labor, ethnic cleansings, population transfers (1933-1959)
  4. Bangladesh genocide (1971)
  5. Burundian genocides (1972 & 1993)
  6. East Timorese genocide (1974–99)
  7. Cambodian genocide (1975–79)
  8. Guatemalan genocide (1981–83)
  9. Kurdish genocide(1986–89)
  10. Isaaq genocide (1988–1989)
  11. Rwandan genocide (1994)
  12. Bosnian genocide (1992–95)
  13. Srebrenica massacre, 1995
  14. Darfur genocide, 2003-?
  15. Genocides by ISIS (2014–)
    • Yazidi genocide
    • Shia genocide
    • Christian genocide

For additional information on Genocide, we recommend the following Internet pages (sites).