Deportations from Bavaria to Auschwitz (1943)

  1. Departure date: 13 Mar. 1943, Origin: München – Augsburg, Deportierte: 219
  2. Departure date: 18 May 1943, Origin: München – Augsburg (?), Deportierte: 68
  3. Departure date: 17 Jun.1943, Origin: Nürnberg – Würzburg, Deportierte: 86

For the year 1943 several deportations from Bavaria can be shown in the concentration camp Auschwitz. This includes, first of all, the transport of 13.3.43 Jews from Munich and Swabia in the context of “factory” transport, which included 219 people. The monthly statistics of the Reichsvereinigung for March 1943 give slightly the different count of 217 deportees from Bavaria. Possibly, persons were reported in April when 21 deportees were registered from Bavaria. A post-war exhibition of the Israeli religious community mentions 113 deportees from Munich [StA Munich, StAnw 29.499 / 3], but this contains a number of persons who did not receive transport from 13.March, while other persons actually deported are not listed.

Juden FreimannA list of names of the financial authorities provides information on the origin of the deportees. Of the 219 deportees, 108 came from Munich (including 2 with the note “currently in detention”) and Eglfing, 97 from Augsburg, 10 from Ichenhausen, 3 from Neuburg (Donau) and 1 from Neu Ulm , For some persons the note “St” is inserted again in order to confirm the confiscation of the property in accordance with the laws on the confiscation and exploitation of the assets of the people and the state. While the list of names specifies 10 March as the date of deportation, the transport assigned to the “Welle V” is correct in an accompanying letter from the Chief Financial Officer Munich specifying the date of 13 March. Possibly the discrepency was due to an air attack on Munich 9/10 March 1943 which shifted date of the transport (note by Maximilian Strnad). The list shown here can be found in the Historisches Archiv der Commerzbank, stock HAC-500 / 3774-2000. Handwritten notes, inscribed in the originals,  were unrecognizable in digital reproduction.

Several individual transports brought more Munichers to Auschwitz in 1943, according to Werner Nellhaus, who was in the police prison Großbeeren, with the 27th Osttransport from Berlin on 29 Jan. 1943 (see here, No. 821) and Günther Schneider who was with the 28th Osttransport from Berlin on the 3 Feb. 1943 (see here, No. 30). The last camp director of Milbertshofen, Curt Mezger, who was arrested in March 1943 after the camp was closed and subsequently sent to the Stadelheim Prison, from there he came to Auschwitz in the autumn of 1943, even though he was in a mixed marriage (Mischehe). Later, Mezger was transferred from Auschwitz to the Mauthausen concentration camp, where he died in one of the secondary camps in March 1945.

Furthermore, there is the indication of a transport from 18.5.43 to the “East”, which should have covered 68 people [StadtA München, NL Meister]. Of the presumably 8 persons who were deported from Munich, 4 had their last residence in Berlin and were taken out of custody [M. Strnad, intermediate station “Judensiedlung”, Munich 2011, p. 142]. This could lead 60 deportees from outside Munich. The fact that one of the 60 Polish Jewish women (Edzia Abbe), who had been transferred from Lohhof to Augsburg in October 1942 (see here), is known to be deported from Augsburg in May 1943 (see here) , suggests that the persons coming from outside Munich were the Polish forced laborers. The former chief physician of the Jewish Hospital in Munich Dr. Julius Spanier and the dentist Dr. Wilhelm Blumenreich confirmed in post-war statements that the Polish women were deported from Augsburg via Munich in 1943 [ITS Archives, 1.1.0.7, No. 66].

With the transport of 17.6.43, Frankish Jews who were not in Mischehe were finally deported to Auschwitz. According to the monthly report of the President of the Federal Republic of Upper and Central Franconia of 7 July 1943, 86 Jews were deported to the East and 36 to Theresienstadt “(Bavaria in the Nazi period, Vol. 1, Munich 1977, p. 485). Their names are known from transport lists of the Gestapo for the chief financial president in Nuremberg. From these it follows that originally 94 people were envisaged for the “evacuation to the east”, but eight transport numbers remained unoccupied, including two Jews who were on the run. Of the deportees, 57 listed their last residence as Würzburg, 27 as Fürth and 2 as Nuremberg.

According to the “Final Report of the Gestapo Würzburg”, on June 17, 1943, 64 Jews had left Würzburg, 7 Jews moved to Theresienstadt, the remaining 57 Jews moved to the East Transport, all Jews who are to be deported in accordance with the directives issued (here only Jewish Jewish partners and the validity Jews) emigrated from Mainfranken. ” The description for Fürth is confirmed by the addendum to the history of the Jews in Fürth, which was drawn up on behalf of the Gestapo in 1943 (see here). This included nine Nuremberg Jews, who had been resettled on 5 October 1942 to the authorities of Fürth.

The transport list in the “East” is reproduced in a copy from the Nuremberg State Archives, stock OFD Nuremberg (Bund) No. 15458, the list of Würzburg partial transports in a copy from the ITS archive and the “final report” from Eichmann’s collection of documents Process, document T / 783.

Deportationen aus Bayern nach Auschwitz 1943