1941-11-29: Riga

Wuerzburg to Riga Dec 1941

Nürnberg – Würzburg to Riga, Departure: 29 Nov 1941, Deported: 1010

Wuerzburg to Riga Dec 1941

[more on Riga]

In the monthly report of the Prime Minister of Upper and Middle Frances from 7.12.41 reads: “In the course of the evacuation of Jews on 29 November a special train with 1001 Jews and nine children went to Riga. Probably for fear of the imminent evacuation, three Jewesses have committed suicide. “[Bavaria during the Nazi period, Vol. 1, Munich 1977, p. 484] For transport from 29.11.41 to Riga were previously Jews from all Franconia to the Sammellager Nuremberg-Langwasser managed. In an “organizational statement” the state police station Nuremberg-Fürth already had on 11.11. a precise plan was drawn up which also determined the number of persons to be deported from the individual regions and the “evacuation numbers” provided for them. According to this, 200 people from upper rifles (No. 1-46 Bayreuth, 47-175 Bamberg, 176-200 Coburg) and Mainfranken (No. 201-400 Würzburg), as well as 600 people from central traps (No. 401-500 Fürth and Mittelfranken- Land, 501-1000 Nürnberg), see document T / 720 from the Eichmann Process.

From an internal discussion of the financial authorities of 13.11. is known to have been planned for the first time by the ranks of 115 Jews from Bamberg, 46 from Bayreuth, 25 from Coburg and 14 from Forchheim, and 500 Jews from Nuremberg, 92 from Fuerth, 5 from Erlangen, 2 from Dornheim (Landkreis Scheinfeld) and 1 from Wassertrüdingen (district of Ansbach) [StA Nuremberg, OFD Nuremberg (Confederation) No. 15472].

Anweisung (see folder below)

From an internal discussion of the financial authorities of 13.11. is known to have been planned for the first time by the ranks of 115 Jews from Bamberg, 46 from Bayreuth, 25 from Coburg and 14 from Forchheim, and 500 Jews from Nuremberg, 92 from Fuerth, 5 from Erlangen, 2 from Dornheim (Landkreis Scheinfeld) and 1 from Wassertrüdingen (district of Ansbach) [StA Nuremberg, OFD Nuremberg (Confederation) No. 15472].

The arrangement of the Gestapo with regard to the total number of Jews to be deported from upper-rifles (200) was clearly observed. In a report dated 2.12.41 the second mayor of Bayreuth noted: “On the 27th of November, from the district of Bayreuth, 46 Jews of both sexes were transported to Nuremberg and handed over to the Langwasser Detention Center of the Secret State Police in the course of the Jewish evacuation.” [StadtA Bayreuth No. 8584, cited above. The names of these 46 deportees were reconstructed by Ekkehard Hübschmann [ibid., pp. 224-225].

For Bamberg a “list of the Jews evacuated on 27 November 1941” is handed down, which contains the names of 121 Jewish inhabitants of the city. The list begins with No. 47, as defined by the Gestapo, and ends with No. 167. The document is located in the Yad Vashem Archives, stock O.8 / 374, and has been published as part of the Digital Collections Page 4 of the list are also the 25 Bamberger deportees from 24.3.42 to Izbica listed). In addition, 8 Jews from Forchheim, were first transferred to Bamberg by a truck. Together, the 129 people were transported by train to Nuremberg, see the reproduction from the Bamberg State Archives, Landskanzamt Forchheim, K 9, No. 8704.

In a report to Oberfinanzpräsident Nürnberg about a “consultation with the head of Action 3 at the Finanzamt Coburg”, it says: “On 25 November 1941, 25 Jews were deported (see list). “[StA Nuremberg, OFD Nuremberg (Confederation) No. 15455]. The corresponding “list of Jews coming to evacuation on 27.11.41” can be found in the documents handed down by the OFP in the State Archives of Nuremberg, stock OFD Nuremberg (Bund), No. 15471.

Bamberg-Forchheim-Coburg (see folder below)

A “list of Jews to be evacuated from Würzburg” lists 202 persons, of whom 2 are children under 6 years. For the partial transport from Mainfranken, 200 transport numbers (No. 201-400) were allocated as planned, since according to the instructions of the Gestapo children under 6 years, who were accompanied by their parents, no transport number was given. The list reproduced here can be found in the Staatsarchiv Würzburg, Stock Gestapo 18874, Bl. 9-18.

Würzburg (see folder below)

In an official list “Deported Jews, I. Welle”, 508 people from Nuremberg are listed, although there are two duplications (Karoline Frank, Henry Kaufmann). According to this list 506 Jews were deported from Nuremberg to Riga. In addition to a “Lfd. No. “, the deportees in the list are assigned a” Police No. “, which begins at 501 (Dr. Karl Piorkowsky with the No. 336), which corresponds to the allocation of the” evacuation numbers “for the Nuremberg Jews in the above of the Gestapo. The highest recorded “Police No.” is 1007 (Martha Schulheimer with the serial No. 441). Among the deportees were also 7 children under 6 years, of which one child, the four-year-old Klaus Berliner, without accompanying his parents. He received one of the continuous transport numbers (No. 861). The depicted list of deportees from Nuremberg can be found in the Stadtarchiv Nuremberg, Stock C 31 / I, No. 26, sheet 2-15.

An ITS post-war memorial service of the Detention Center contains the names of 500 deportees of the “I. Wave “to Riga (without Else Kohn, who died in Nuremberg on the 26th of April 1939). In comparison to the above list, seven persons (Julius Ceslanski, Betti Essinger, Trude Günther, Bettina Halle, Rosa Hausmann, Berta Seiferheld, Arthur Stern) are missing. Altogether 507 people from Nuremberg were transported on 29.11.42. This corresponds to the statistics of the Reichsvereinigung, which in a subsequent registration in December 1941 registered for the Kultusvereinigung Nuremberg also 507 deportees.

For Fuerth there is a “list of persons of Jewish faith who were deported in 1941, based on the register of witnesses after the war. According to these documents, 83 Fürtherjuden on 26/27/11 “Evacuated.” However, on the basis of similar lists for Theresienstadt, the less deported Fuerther Jews have Jews than is known from the entry lists of the ghetto, it is to be assumed that the data of the reporting authority are minimum numbers. According to the last secretary of the Israelite religious community Grete Ballin, in their history of the Jews in Fürth, which was issued on the order of the Gestapo in 1943, 94 people were killed on 27.11. (see here).

Fürth (see folder below)

The post-war lists for Nuremberg and Fürth are reproduced below. Four Jews from Erlangen, who were on the 27.11. “have been deported to the East as a working mission”, see the section of a post-war list from the ITS archives. Also in the stock of the ITS is a reference to 3 deported Jews from Dornheim (Landkreis Scheinfeld). According to the records of the municipal administration, Lina Walfisch, Frieda Lärmer and Irene Lärmer were “taken to Riga in the autumn of 1941”. Irene Lärmer was from 1929-1940 in the Israelite orphanage in Fürth.She survived the deportation.

Erlangen (see folder below)
Dornheim (see folder below)

According to these figures, 608 people were trafficked from Riga to Riga on 29.11.41. Together with the 200 Jews from Oberfranken and 202 from Mainfranken were 1010 humans in the transport, as indicated in the initially mentioned report of the Regierungspräsident of Ober- und Mittelfranken.

Areas from which Jews were deported:

  • Bamberg: 121
  • Bayreuth: 46
  • Coburg: 25
  • Dornheim: 3
  • Erlangen: 4
  • Forchheim: 8
  • Fürth: 94
  • Nürnberg: 507
  • Würzburg:202

The Reichsvereinigung recorded 1026 “emigrated” persons in Bavaria, and thus 16 more than in transport from Franconia. The statistics, however, took account of all deportations from Bavaria as a whole. In addition, in his monthly report of 10.12.41, in November, “three Jewish families with 16 heads” were taken away (Bavaria in the Nazi period, Vol. 1, Munich 1977, P. 431].

However, both the number of deportees and the origin of three families do not correspond to the composition which would result from the transport list of the deportation from 20.11.41 to Kowno (see here), which might suggest a second smaller transport from Swabia, especially since the deportees previously deported to Kovno were already registered in the November statistics of the Reichsvereinigung.

Nürnberg (see folder below)