1941-11-20: Kowno

Milbertshofen Deportation 1941

Munich – Augsburg to Kowno Departure date: 20.11.41, Deportees: 998

Milbertshofen Deportation 1941
Milbertshofen Deportation 1941

With the first deportation of Jews from Bavaria, 998 people were taken to Kowno on 20 Nov 1941 from Munich and Augsburg. Immediately after the arrival, on 25 Nov 1941, the deportees were shot together with Jews from Berlin and Munich. A total of 2934 people were murdered by Einsatzkommando 3 of Task Force A of the Commander of the Security Police and the SD in Fort IX outside Kowno.

The ITS deportation list shown below is numbered up to 1000, but two names have been deleted with the words “not evacuated, ill” (Hilda Machol, no. 268, and Benno Schlang, no. 426). The statistics of the Reichsvereinigung also recorded 998 deportees for November 1941, 978 of which belonged to the Kultusvereinigung München and 20 to the Bezirkstelle Bayern. Hilda Machol was deported to Piaski on April 4, Benno Schlang to Theresienstadt on April 3, 1942, and a year later to Auschwitz, while his wife and daughter were taken to Kowno.

For many of the deportees the last address is Knorrstraße 148, where the Sammellager Milbertshofen was located. 37 mainly young women and girls came from the “flax roasting” forced labor camp in Lohhof near Unterschleißheim, 19 people from Augsburg, three from Obermenzig and one from Planegg. Jews were also returned from outside Bavaria by the Munich Gestapo for deportation, including people from Berlin, Frankfurt / Main and Rheine in Westphalia.