1942-07-13: Stuttgart - München - Chemnitz nach Auschwitz

Flachsröste Lohhof-Merkur.de


Departure Date: 13.07.42, Deported: 50 (from München), Total # Deportees: unknown

Flachsröste Lohhof-Merkur.de
Flachsröste Lohhof-Merkur.de

The transport was originally planned for 20.6.42 by the Generalgouvernement and was to be combined with a partial transport from Stuttgart. A temporary traffic barrier at the Reichsbahn led the date change of 13.7.42 [HStA Stuttgart, EA99 / 001, Bü275]. The transport deported 50 people from Munich to Auschwitz. Of them, according to a name’s list from the tax authorities 43 of the 50 had a Munich address (of which 2 carried the note of “currently in custody”). In addition there were 7 Polish forced laborers from the women’s labor camp at the company Flachsröste Lohhof in Unterschleißheim. This camp established in the summer of 1941 initially held 52 Jewish girls and women from Munich between the ages of 14-22. 35 of these women were deported, along with the camp manager on 20.11.41. On 18.12.41 another 68 Jewish women from Poland were brought to Lohhof; they had, for several months, been employed in the Unterdießen labor camp in a flat-rate business [BA R8150 / 760 ]. On 23.10.42 the remaining 60 Polish women still living in Lohhof were transferred to work in Augsburg [StadtA München, NL Meister].

The deportation list is shown below. It is located in the Historical Archives of Commerzbank, stock HAC-500 / 3774-2000. Another copy is in the State Archives Munich, stock OFD 4258th. On the list, 16 names have the hand-written note “St” meaning “enemies of the state”. As can be seen from the accompanying letter from Munich’s Chief Finance Office to this “list of names of the Jews deported to the eastern territories in July 1942 (wave IV)”; those persons marked with a “St” had their assets classified in accordance with the laws on confiscation and recovery, and their anti-state property was confiscated; this concerned Jews of non-German citizenship. The 7 Polish women from Lohhof are all marked “St”.

Auschwitz, as the destination for deportation, can be established using the Gestapo data for the Munich-based partial transport from Stuttgart. That transport was also called “criminal transport” by Munich Gestapo officials, as some people were taken directly out of detention [M. Strnad, stopover “Judensiedlung”, Munich 2011, p. 132]. With the deported was Dr. Julius Hechinger, senior staff member of the Jewish Religious Association Munich. The list extract of the Munich Gestapo for taxing authorities states that Julius Hechinger: “The aforementioned emigrated on July 15, 1942. His fortune is from this point forward, on the basis of the Eleventh VO to the Reich Citizenship Act of November 25, 1941 (RGBl I p.722), property of the Reich. ” [StA München, OFD 8577] This formulation would indicate a deportation exceeding the Reichsgrenze, while Auschwitz was located in Germany and the property had to be confiscated in accordance with the relevant provisions. As shown by the example of the partial transport from Berlin on July 11, 1942, there were obvious ambiguities in the settlement of assets in connection with these first deportations from Germany directly to the concentration camp Auschwitz (apart from the Upper Silesian transports in May / June 1942).

13.7.42 is confirmed as the date of deportation in a seperate preserved list of names of Munich Jews held at the ITS Bad Arolsen. Although incomplete (the first pages with 417 names are missing), this list gives detailed information on about three quarters of all 1789 Jews registered in Munich and on their whereabouts between mid-1942 and mid-1943. There is also evidence to suggest that the removal of disabled sick and infirmed people can be inferred as having taken place on 13.7. Handwritten additions such as “facial paralysis”, “curvature of the spine” or “heart disease” appear on the documents.

The date mentioned in the above-mentioned list refering to Julius Hechinger’s “emigration” with financial closure on 15.7.42 could provide an indication of the date of the transport’s arrival in Auschwitz, since asset claims of a deportee expire not on the day of deportation, but on the day the Reichsgrenze (Empire border) was crossed. It is due to special secrecy provisions in this transport that the revenue authority was not made aware of the transport destination while it was still within the imperial borders. The transport was previously directed to Chemnitz, where further partial transports, such as from Saxony and Luxembourg, were connected.

As for the whereabouts of 7 deportees from Regensburg, who were also registered in the statistics for July 1942, but for whom no records for a connection to the Munich transport can be found; their names are mentioned in a statement of the Bavarian State Commission for racially, religiously and politically persecuted persons (see figure). Some are known to have been sick and infirm (like several deportees from Munich, see above) and were recorded as “unknown deregistered” in the registers dated 15.7.42. Also a Stuttgart transport, was connected with the Munich train on 13.7.42, carrying many sick and infirmed who were brought to Auschwitz. It is therefore reasonable to assume that the Regensburg were connected to this transport.

However, there is in the documents of the Chief Finance President Nuremberg of the Regensburg Gestapo dated 13.7. a “directory containing the Jews deported from the Stapobezirks on 23 July 1942”, in which the 7 Jews deported from Regensburg are listed. From further correspondence, however, it can be seen that this must be an inaccurate date and the people listed on 13.7. were removed. The document is reproduced below in a copy from the Nuremberg State Archive, Stock OFD Nuremberg (Bund) No. 15456.