1942-10-26: 22. Osttransport

Abfahrtsdatum: 26.10.42, Deportierte: 800, Deportationsziel: Riga

The 22nd Osttransport (Reichsvereinigung-internal) also referred to as “Personal Transport”, was marked by a “community action” on 20.10.42 by the Gestapo towards a number of employees from within the Jewish Community (Organization) of Berlin, which at that time had in their 26 departments, besides Moritz Henschel and Philipp Kozower, employed 1580 employees; they were to be reduce at that time by one third. A report to the Management Board on 22.10. states that

“in connection with the inspection visit to the Jewish Cultural Association to Berlin eV on October 20, 1942 … 533 employees with 328 hitherto gathered relatives will be reduced or emigrated, thus a total of 861 persons” [Bundesarchiv, R 8150 / 50].

On 28.10. the board reported that a total of 801 persons had “emigrated” on the 22nd Eastern transport, of which 345 were JKV employees together with 164 members. In a note, it is further stated that among the 345 deported to the east, 533 of those who were deported to the east, 14 “were sent to Theresienstadt”, 14 were deported, 18 died, 7 were hospitalized (including 3 suicide attempts among the hospitalized), 15 were not at the collective collection point on Levetzowstr., and 3 have not received a transport number. A further 20 “could not be found after the investigations” [Bundesarchiv, R 8150/50].

“in connection with the inspection visit to the Jewish Cultural Association to Berlin eV on October 20, 1942 … 533 employees with 328 hitherto gathered relatives will be reduced or emigrated, thus a total of 861 persons” [Bundesarchiv, R 8150 / 50].

On 28.10. the board reported that a total of 801 persons had “emigrated” on the 22nd Eastern transport, of which 345 were JKV employees together with 164 members. In a note, it is further stated that among the 345 deported to the east, 533 of those who were deported to the east, 14 “were sent to Theresienstadt”, 14 were deported, 18 died, 7 were hospitalized (including 3 suicide attempts among the hospitalized), 15 were not at the collective collection point on Levetzowstr., and 3 have not received a transport number. A further 20 “could not be found after the investigations” [Bundesarchiv, R 8150/50].

Alfred Selbiger circa 1942
Alfred Selbiger circa 1942

In order to locate 20 employees of the JKV, who were not gathered by arriving Gestapo officials on October 24, the day of the transfer to the collection camp Levetzowstrasse, the JKV set up extensive investigation due to threatened Gestapo shootings of hostages. By 2.11. only one person, kitchen aid Chana Steinberg, had been identified and sent to the collection facility. On 10.11. the Gestapo arrested several, responsible employees of the Berlin Community (Organization) and the Reichsvereinigung, who were later shot after arrival in Sachsenhausen concentration camp- according to accounts from the JKV and Reichsvereinigung (Hans-Erich Fabian, Martha Mosse, Hildegard Henschel as well as 4 employees of JKV: Julius Blumenthal, Head of the Legal Department; Siegbert Goldstein, Head of the Dispute Settlement and Counseling Unit; Fritz Lamm, Head of the Department of Welfare; and Bruno Mendelsohn, Head of the Administration and the 4 members of the Reichsvereinigung Alfred Selbiger, Personnel Administration; Arnold Looser, Tax and Clearing Agent; Alfred (?) Joseph and Fritz (?) Wolff.

A further 11 were arrested, among them staff member of the JKV Bernhard Adler, primary auditor of the revision department; Marta Henschke, Senior Advisor for the retirement department; and Bruno Mannheim, head of the cadastre administration; as well as, the divisional director of care of the RV Johanna Karminski; and the senior staff of RV Robert Bielschowsky, Bookkeeper and Cashier, Kurt Rosenberg, Liquid Assets and Accounts; and Walter Sprinz, branch and district offices. All of whom were deported to Auschwitz, together with their relatives, on the 24th Eastern Transport on 9 December.

The 22nd transport list contains 808 names, 8 of which were deleted. Altogether, the Reichsvereinigung recorded in its statistics for October 1942 2973 deportees from Berlin, after two adjusting enties. This is consistent with the number of deportees indicating their last place of residence or stay as Berlin, as reported from the lists of the two Osttransports of 19.10. and 26.10. and the 4 transports between 3.10. and 30.10.