1942-07-11: XVII. Teiltransport

Departure date: 11.07.42, Deported: 210 (from Berlin, total Transported: 1002), Destination: Auschwitz

As was apparent from the board meeting of the Reichsvereinigung of 8 July 1942, the “migration from Berlin on the 11th of May was prepared, taking into account the transports from the districts of the state police stations Hamburg, Magdeburg and Stettin” (Bundesarchiv, R 8150/2). With the help of the statistics of the Reichsvereinigung it can be determined that a total of 1002 people were deported in this collection transport. In addition to the Berlin Teiltransport, Jews from the Gestapo areas Bielefeld, Dortmund, Osnabrück, Hamburg, Schwerin and Braunschweig (504 deportees), Köslin, Stettin and Frankfurt / Oder (188 deportees) as well as Magdeburg and Dessau (100 deportees) were “introduced”. Of the 210 deportees in the Berlin subtransport, 199 came from Berlin and 11 from the Gestapo Potsdam area.

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The goal of this deportation transport has been unclear for a long time. Both Warsaw and Auschwitz are mentioned in the literature. Additionally, the information provided by the various competent authorities of the Gestapo and the Financial Institutions is contradictory. Thus, on the first page of the Berlin transport list is handwritten: “Transport from 11.7.42 to Hamburg to Auschwitz” (see copy). The “list of persons whose property is forfeited, or was confiscated” (dated 25.6.42), sent by the Berlin Gestapo to the OFP Berlin-Brandenburg on 16 July 1942, is also overwritten with: “XVII Partial Transport to Auschwitz am 11.7.1942 “, but “after Auschwitz” has been subsequently made unrecognizable (see copy below following the transport list). In addition, the assets of the persons enumerated in the list are declared to be forfeited, which would have resulted in a deportation with an exit out of the Reich’s borders under the relevant legal regulations. In a letter from the Chief Financial Officer in Magdeburg of 23 October 1942, “the Jews deported to the Generalgouvernement (abroad) by the Magdeburg State Police Department on 14 April 1942” and “the Jews moved by the Magdeburg State Police Office on 11 July 1942 remained in the country.” [Landeshauptarchiv Sachsen-Anhalt, G 1, 390]. This means that transport from 11.7.42 could not have reached Warsaw (abroad), but actually had the goal of Auschwitz in the Upper Silesian government district Kattowitz (inland). Finally, a letter from the Braunschweig Gestapo to the OFP in Hanover, which unequivocally refers to Auschwitz as a transport destination for the transport of 11 July 1942 [NLA Hannover, Hann.210 Acc.160-98, Nr. 5].

On 17.7.42, a transport of nearly 1000 Jews from Vienna to Auschwitz left for the first time. In this case, the destination could be clearly documented on the basis of the notes on the traveling expenses of the accompanying policemen [J. Moser, in: W. Benz (eds.), Dimension of the Genocide, Munich 1991, 86], see copy [Yad Vashem Archives, M.38 / 76]. Just as in Berlin, the designation or the destination “Auschwitz” or “Auschwitz concentration camp” was made unrecognizable in Vienna, for the transport from Vienna. The letter of the Viennese command of the Schutzpolizei there was a handwritten inscription “Zielort amtsbekannt”, see copy [Yad Vashem Archives, M.38 / 76]. This suggests that the unidentification of the July transports to Auschwitz was ordered for reasons of secrecy by the authorities. Since in Auschwitz no prisoner numbers were assigned for this and for the aforementioned transports from the German Reich, it must be assumed that all deportees were murdered immediately upon their arrival.