1942-05-06: Sondertransport

Departure Date: 05.06.42, Deported: 100, Destination: Theresienstadt

Herbert Baum
ADN-ZB: Baum, Herbert. Antifaschist, Elektriker, geb. 10.2.1912 in Moschin (Mosina bei Poznan). Von den deutschen Faschisten am 11.6.1942 ermordet. Er kam 1931 über die Deutsch-Jüdische Jugendgemeinschaft zum KJVD [Kommunistischer Jugendverband Deutschlands]. 1936 baute er eine Widerstandsgruppe auf, der vorwiegend parteilose junge jüdische Menschen angehörten.
In official response to the alleged participation of 5 Jews in a fire attack on the Nazi propaganda exhibition “The Soviet parades” on 18.5.42 by a group led by Herbert Baum, 14 persons were injured, on 28.5. and 29.5.42, according to the Gestapo. A total of 250 Jews were shot in Sachsenhausen concentration camp in response to the exhibition attack, of those executed 154 were arrested in Berlin. 100 relatives of the executed were deported on 5.6.42 in a “special transport” to Theresienstadt. Additional adherents were deported on 2.6. Alterstransporte. In contradiction to the official statement, the shooting of the Jews and the deportation of their relatives most likely was actually related to the assassination of the head of RSHA Reinhard Heydrich on 27.5.42 in Prague [E. Hildesheimer, Jewish Self-Administration under the Nazi Regime, Tübingen 1994, 230].